Lima is the capital city of the Republic of Peru. Located on the central coast of the country, on the shores of the Pacific Ocean and forming a vast, populous urban area known as Metropolitan Lima, it is flanked by the coastal desert and extends over the Chillón, Rímac, and Lurín river valleys.
According to the Peruvian census of 2007, Lima has more than 7.6 million inhabitants; together with its urban conglomeration it totals more than 8.5 million inhabitants—30% of the Peruvian population—making it the most populated city in the country.
It is considered the political, cultural, financial, and cultural center of the country. Internationally the city occupies fifth place among the most populated cities of Latin America and the Caribbean, and is one of the thirty most populated urban conglomerations in the world.
Due to its geostrategic importance, it has been defined as a beta global city.